What is Bone-Marrow Aspirate?

A bone marrow aspirate is a medical procedure where a small amount of liquid marrow is taken from inside the bone for examination. This is done using a hollow needle that is inserted into the bone, typically the hip or sternum in adults and the upper leg bone in children.

The extracted liquid marrow is then examined under a microscope to check for abnormalities in the blood cells, and to look for evidence of certain diseases, such as leukemia or lymphoma, that can affect the production of blood cells in the marrow. The procedure can also help determine the extent of certain diseases, whether they have spread to the bone marrow, and how well treatment is working.

Bone marrow aspirate can also be used for stem cell harvesting. Bone marrow contains a type of stem cell known as a hematopoietic stem cell. These cells have the ability to develop into all types of blood cells, including white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. They are often used in stem cell transplants, also known as bone marrow transplants, to treat certain types of cancer.

Though generally safe, a bone marrow aspirate procedure can be uncomfortable and does carry some risks, including bleeding and infection. The patient is usually given a local anesthetic to help minimize pain during the procedure.

How does morphological examination with BMA